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Product Resource Information

Scope

THE ALBERTA OH&S ACT, REGULATION AND CODE 2018, THE ASME B30.10-2014 STANDARD AND MANUFACTURERS OF HOOKS ALL STATE THAT USERS OF HOOKS MUST BE TRAINED IN THE SELECTION, INSPECTION, CAUTIONS TO PERSONNEL, EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTS AND OPERATING PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH THE HOOKS. FAILURES DUE TO MISSUSE HAVE RESULTED IN SERIOUS INJURIES AND DEATH. THIS SECTION WILL PROVIDE YOU INFORMATION ON THE SAFE USE OF HOOKS.

Employer, Worker, User, Supervisor and Supplier Responsibilities

Users must be trained in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Hooks Read Details
Can you prove users are competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Hooks Read Details

If a user is not competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Hooks they must have direct supervision from a competent worker

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If not competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Hooks do users have direct supervision

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Do you have documented policies and procedures in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Hooks.

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An employer must identify responsibilities for the user of a Hook

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The use of Hooks can create hazardous situations. Read Details

Have Supervisors taken all precautions to protect the health and safety of every worker under the Supervisors supervision.

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Have Suppliers ensured the equipment supplied is in a safe operating condition, and that it complies with this Act, regulation and the OHS Code  

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Legislation, Standards and Specifications

Alberta Occupational Health and Safety. Act, Regulation and Code 2018

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American Society of Mechanical Engineers B30.10-2014, Chapter 10-1 Hooks

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Manufacturer's specifications for the type and style of Hook.

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Manufacturer's referenced standards

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Design Factors

What are the manufacturer's design factors for the Hook you are using ?

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Markings

A Hook must be marked with the manufacturer's identification

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A Hook must be marked with the rated load identification Read Details

Training

It is important that all Hook users be knowledgeable about the safe and proper use, application of Hooks, be thoroughly familiar with the manufacturer's recommendations, and safety material provided with each product. In addition all Hook users need to be aware of their responsibilities outlined in all applicable standards, regulations and policies

What are the training requirements for Hook users ? Read Details
How does your company monitor the training requirements for Hooks ? Read Details
How have users been trained in the requirements for Hooks ? Read Details
Training records should be kept to show users were trained in the requirements of Hooks ? Read Details

Manufacturer's specifications for the Hooks must be available to users

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Where are your manufacturer's specifications for the Hooks kept ?

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How do you ensure users are familiar with the manufacturer's specifications ?

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Have employers identified hazards associated with the use of Hooks ? Read Details
Have users identified the hazards associated with the use of Hooks ? Read Details

Inspection Requirements

There are 3 types of inspection that are required to be carried out on Hooks. These are Initial, Frequent and Periodic

All new Hooks shall have an initial inspection completed by a designated person

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Prior to and during use all Hooks shall have a frequent inspection completed by a designated person

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How often are frequent inspections completed ?

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What must be checked on a frequent inspection ?

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All Hooks must have a documented periodic inspection completed by a designated person.

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How often are periodic inspections completed ?

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What must be checked on a periodic inspection ?

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Records of periodic inspections must be available to users Read Details
How does your company identify a Hook has had a periodic inspection ? Read Details

Removal Criteria

A Hook must be removed from service if any of the following criteria deems that the Hook is not fit for use.

Hook identification missing Read Details
Hook identification illegible Read Details
Pitting or corrosion Read Details
How much pitting and corrosion is allowed ? Read Details
Cracks, nicks or gouges Read Details
Wear Read Details
How much wear is allowed ? Read Details
Bends or twists Read Details
How much deformation is allowed ? Read Details
Increased throat opening Read Details
How much throat opening is allowed ? Read Details
If the hook is self locking does it still lock ? Read Details
If the hook has a latch does the latch close the throat ? Read Details
Damaged, missing or malfunctioning hook attachments or securing means Read Details
Thread wear, damage or corrosion Read Details
Excessive heat or unauthorised welding Read Details
Other conditions, including physical damage Read Details

Unauthorised repair or alterations

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Selection, Limitations and Use

All Hook users must be aware that their capacity may change depending on the type of loading, the sling angles, and the environment it is used in.

Damaged hooks shall not be used Read Details
Rated loads cannot be exceeded Read Details

Shock loading must be avoided

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Will multiple slings be used on the hook

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Can multiple slings be used on the hook

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Will slings on the hook be used at angles ?

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Can slings on the hook be used at angles ?

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What are the limitation to the angles the slings on the hook can be used at ?

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Will the hook be side loaded ?

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Can the hook be side loaded ? Read Details
Will the hook be back loaded ? Read Details
Can the hook be back loaded ? Read Details
Will the hook be tip loaded ? Read Details
Can the hook be tip loaded ? Read Details
Will the hook be subjected to mechanical damage ? Read Details
What is the maximum and minimum temperature the hook can be exposed to ? Read Details
Will the hook be effected by exposure to chemicals ? Read Details
Is the hook single pointed ? Read Details
Is the hook multi-pointed ? Read Details

Will multi-point hooks be unevenly loaded ?

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Can multi-point hooks be unevenly loaded ?

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Does the hook have closing devices ? Read Details
Will the throat closing devices carry a load ? Read Details
Can the throat closing devices carry a load ? Read Details

Maintenance

Are hooks subjected to corrosive action ? Read Details
Are hooks subjected to moisture ? Read Details
Are hooks stored correctly when not in use ? Read Details

Misconceptions

Misconception 1. If you have attended a training course you are a competent rigger.

Training is only one part of being competent to carry out your job, you must also be adequately qualified and have sufficient experience.

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Misconception 2. The side, back or tip of a hook can make contact with the load as long as it's within its rated capacity.

Loads shall be centered in the base (bowl/saddle) of the hook to prevent point loading of the hook. Hooks are not designed to place a side load, back load, or tip load on the hook.

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Misconception 3. The purpose of a safety latch is to keep the slings on the hook when the slings are in a loaded condition.

Hook latches aid the retention of loose slings under slack rigging conditions only and are not intended to be anti-fouling devices during lifting or rigging. Visual verification of proper hook engagement is required in all cases.

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Misconception 4. Any number of slings can be placed on a hook as long as they are not bunched or pinched.

A collector ring, such as a link or shackle, should be used when more than two legs are placed in a hook or for angles greater than 45 deg with respect to the hook centerline.

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