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Product Resource Information

Scope

THE ALBERTA OH&S ACT, REGULATION AND CODE 2018, THE ASME B30.20-2018 STANDARD AND MANUFACTURERS OF SPREADER BEAMS ALL STATE THAT USERS OF SPREADER BEAMS MUST BE TRAINED IN THE SELECTION, INSPECTION, CAUTIONS TO PERSONNEL, EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTS AND RIGGING PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPREADER BEAM. FAILURES DUE TO MISSUSE HAVE RESULTED IN SERIOUS INJURIES AND DEATH. THIS SECTION WILL PROVIDE YOU INFORMATION ON THE SAFE USE OF SPREADER BEAMS.

Employer, Worker, User, Supervisor and Supplier Responsibilities

Users must be trained in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Spreader Beams

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Can you prove users are competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Spreader Beams ?

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If a user is not competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Spreader Beams they must have direct supervision from a competent worker

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If not competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Spreader Beams do users have direct supervision ?

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Do you have documented policies and procedures in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Spreader Beams ?

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An employer must identified responsibilities for the user of a Spreader Beam.

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The use of Spreader Beams can create hazardous situations

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Have Supervisors taken all precautions to protect the health and safety of every worker under the Supervisors supervision.

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Have Suppliers ensured the equipment supplied is in a safe operating condition, and that it complies with this Act, regulation and the OHS Code  

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Legislation, Standards and Specifications

Alberta Occupational Health and Safety. Act, Regulation and Code 2018

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American Society of Mechanical Engineers B30.20-2018, Below the Hook Lifting Devices, Chapter 20-1 Structural and Mechanical Lifting Devices.

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Manufacturer's specifications for the type and style of Spreader Beams.

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Manufacturer's referenced standards

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Design Factors

What are the manufacturer's design factors for the Spreader Beam you are using

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Markings

A Spreader Beam must be marked with the manufacturer's or repairer's name and contact information

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A Spreader Beam must be marked with a serial number Read Details

A Spreader Beam must be marked with its weight if over 100lbs (45kg)

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A Spreader Beam must be marked with its cold current amps (when applicable)

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A Spreader Beam must be marked with its rated voltage (when applicable) Read Details
A Spreader Beam must be marked with its rated load Read Details
A Spreader Beam must be marked with its ASME BTH-1 Design Category Read Details
A Spreader Beam must be marked with its ASME BTH-1 Service Class Read Details

A Spreader Beam must have attached a product safety labels according to ANZI Z535.4-2011

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Training

It is important that all Spreader Beam users be knowledgeable about the safe and proper use, application of Spreader Beams, be thoroughly familiar with the manufacturer's recommendations, and safety material provided with each product. In addition all Spreader Beam users need to be aware of their responsibilities outlined in all applicable standards, regulations and policies

What are the training requirements for Spreader Beam users ?

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How does your company monitor the training requirements for Spreader Beams ?

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How have users been trained in the requirements for Spreader Beams ?

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Training records should be kept to show users were trained in the requirements for Spreader Beams ?

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Manufacturer's specifications for the Spreader Beam must be available to users ?

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Where are your manufacturer's specifications for the Spreader Beams kept ?

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How do you ensure users are familiar with the manufacturer's specifications ?

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Have employers identified hazards associated with the use of Spreader Beams ?

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Have users identified the hazards associated with the use of Spreader Beams ?

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Inspection Requirements

There are 4 types of inspection that are required to be carried out on Spreader Beams, these are Initial, Every Lift, Frequent and Periodic

All new and reinstalled Spreader Beams shall be inspected by a designated person prior to initial use

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All altered or repaired Spreader Beams shall be inspected by a designated person

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How often are every lift inspections completed ?

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What must be checked on an every lift inspection ? Read Details

How often are frequent inspections completed ?

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What must be checked on a frequent inspection ? Read Details

How often are periodic inspections completed ?

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What must be checked on a periodic inspection ? Read Details

All Spreader Beams must have a documented periodic inspection completed by a designated person

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All Spreader Beams that have been idle for a period of one month or more must be given a frequent inspection Read Details

How does your company identify a Spreader Beam has had a periodic inspection ?

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Removal Criteria

A Spreader Beam must be removed from service if any of the following criteria deems that the Spreader Beam is not fit for use.

Damaged or inoperable controls Read Details
Damaged or inoperable indicators and meters if installed Read Details
Structural members that are deformed, cracked or have excessive wear Read Details
Loose or missing guards, fasterners, bolts, covers, stops or nameplates Read Details
Misadjustment of functional operating mechanisms and automatic hold-and-release mechanisms that interfere with the Spreader Beams operation Read Details
Cracked or worn gears, pulleys, sheaves, sprockets, bearings, chains and belts. Read Details
Excessive wear of friction pads, linkages, and other mechanical parts Read Details

Excessive wear at hoist hooking points and load support clevises or pins.

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Selection, Limitations and Use

All Spreader Beam users must be aware that their capacity may change depending on things such as type and size of material lifted, the sling angle, angle of lift and the environment it is used in.

Spreader Beams shall only be operated by qualified personnel, which includes, designated persons, trainees under the supervision of designated persons, maintenance and test personnel, and inspectors.

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Rated loads cannot be exceeded

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Loads must be correctly distributed

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Spreader Beams shall not be used to handle any loads for which they are not designed

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Spreader Beams shall be applied to the load in accordance with their instruction manuals

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Before operating lifting ropes or chains must not be kinks or twisted around each other Read Details

Load temperature should not exceed the allowable maximum

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What is the minimum and maximum temperature the Spreader Beams can be exposed to ?

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Spreader Beams swinging should be kept to a minimum

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Shock loading must be avoided

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Mechanical damage must be avoided

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Do not stand or pass under a suspended load

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Do not ride on a Spreader Beams

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Do not use the Spreader Beam to side pull or slide a load Read Details

Suspended loads must not be left unattended

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Maintenance

A maintenance program must be established and be based on recommendations made by the Spreader Beam manufacturer, a qualified person may also include additional recommendations based on their review of the Spreader Beam application and operation.

Before adjustments are started on a Spreader Beam all sources of power must be disconnected, locked out, and be tagged "Out of Servce"

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Before repairs the Spreader Beam must be tagged "Out of Servce"

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Only Qualified persons shall perform adjustments and tests

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Only Qualified persons, or those under the direction of a qualifed person shall perform adjustments and repairs

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Replacement parts must be at least equal to the original manufacturer's specifications

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Any hazardous condition disclosed during inspection must be corrected before normal operation of the spreader beam is resumed

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After adjustments and repairs the spreader beam must not be returned to service until it has been inspected

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Dated records of repairs and replacements should be made

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Misconceptions

Misconception 1. If you have attended a training course you are a competent rigger.

Training is only one part of being competent to carry out your job, you must also be adequately qualified and have sufficient experience.

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Misconception 2. Load charts are not required for spreader beams as long as the capacity is marked on the spreader beam.

An employer must ensure that below-the-hook lifting devices, meet the requirements of ASME Standard B30.20-2006, Below the Hook Lifting Devices, An employer may use a capacity data sheet to label a spreader bar with its rated capacity. Where a capacity data sheet is used, an employer must ensure that the data sheet and corresponding spreader bar are identified by a unique numbering system.

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Misconception 3. A Spreader Beam capacity remains the same no matter what the lifting sling angles are.

If the spreader beam is suspended from above with slings, as the horizontal sling angle reduces the tension on the slings increases and therefore the tension being applied to the beam increases, this can cause a bending action on the beam, and hence the amount of weight that it can safely lift is reduced

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Misconception 4. A Spreader Beams capacity remains constant no matter how many of its suspension points are used.

If the beam has multiple lifting points under the beam, the amount of weight the beam can lift may change depending on the lifting points utilized. It is vital to consult the data sheet associated with the speader beam before making a lift. 

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Misconception 5.  If the beam has an NDT report it has been inspected as per the manufacturer's specifications.

An NDT or NDE report normally only covers the quality of the welding on a piece of equipment, or the condition of the welds at time of inspection, it may not cover the full inspection criteria expected by the manufacturer.

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Misconception 6. Only the beam structure needs to be inspected, the rigging attached is not included.

Any pieces of rigging that are attached to the Spreader beam must be individually inspected as per their own inspection criteria and the correct associated standard, this will sometimes involve dismantling the rigging items to carry out a full inspection.

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Misconception 7. The capacity of an adjustable or extendable Spreader Beam is constant regardless of its length.

As the length of the beam increases in most cases the WLL will decrease as the forces on the beam will cause it to want to flex. It is vital to consult the data sheet associated with the speader beam before making a lift to confirm its rated capacity if adjusted.

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