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Product Resource Information

Scope

THE ALBERTA OH&S ACT, REGULATION AND CODE 2018, THE ASME B30.20-2018 STANDARD AND MANUFACTURERS OF VACUUM LIFTING DEVICES ALL STATE THAT USERS OF VACUUM LIFTING DEVICES MUST BE TRAINED IN THE SELECTION, INSPECTION, CAUTIONS TO PERSONNEL, EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTS AND RIGGING PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH THE VACUUM LIFTING DEVICES. FAILURES DUE TO MISSUSE HAVE RESULTED IN SERIOUS INJURIES AND DEATH. THIS SECTION WILL PROVIDE YOU INFORMATION ON THE SAFE USE OF VACUUM LIFTING DEVICES

Employer, Worker, User, Supervisor and Supplier Responsibilities

Users must be trained in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Vacuum Lifting Devices.

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Can you prove users are competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Vacuum Lifting Devices?

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If a user is not competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Vacuum Lifting Devices they must have direct supervision from a competent worker

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If not competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Vacuum Lifting Devices do users have direct supervision?

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Do you have documented policies and procedures in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Vacuum Lifting Devices?

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An employer must identify responsibilities for the user of a Vacuum Lifting Devices.

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The use of Vacuum Lifting Devices can create hazardous situations

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Have Supervisors taken all precautions to protect the health and safety of every worker under the Supervisors supervision.

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Have Suppliers ensured the equipment supplied is in a safe operating condition, and that it complies with this Act, regulation and the OHS Code  

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Legislation, Standards and Specifications

Alberta Occupational Health and Safety. Act, Regulation and Code 2018

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American Society of Mechanical Engineers B30.20-2018, Below the Hook Lifting Devices, Chapter 20-2 Vacuum Lifting Devices.

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Manufacturer's specifications for the type and style of Vacuum Lifting Device.

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Manufacturer's referenced standards

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Design Factors

What are the manufacturer's design factors for the Vacuum Lifting Device you are using?

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Markings

A Vacuum Lifting Device must be marked with the manufacturer's or repairer's name and contact information

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A Vacuum Lifting Device must be marked with a model number

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A Vacuum Lifting Device must be marked with a serial number

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A Vacuum Lifting Device must be marked with its weight

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A Vacuum Lifting Device must be marked with its electrical power requirements (when applicable)

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A Vacuum Lifting Device must be marked with its pressure and volume of compressed air required (when applicable)

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A Vacuum Lifting Device must be marked with its rated load

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A Vacuum Lifting Device must be marked with its ASME BTH-1 Design Category

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A Vacuum Lifting Device must be marked with its ASME BTH-1 Service Class

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A repaired Vacuum Lifting Device must be marked with its date of repair

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A Vacuum Lifting Device must have attached product safety labels according to ANZI Z535.4 - 2011

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Vacuum Lifting Device manual shutoff valves shall be marked to show operating position.

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A Vacuum Lifting Device controls shall be clearly marked describing resulting motion or function of the lifter.

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Training

It is important that all Vacuum Lifting Device users be knowledgeable about the safe and proper use, application of Vacuum Lifting Devices, be thoroughly familiar with the manufacturer's recommendations, and safety material provided with each product. In addition all Vacuum Lifting Device users need to be aware of their responsibilities outlined in all applicable standards, regulations and policies

What are the training requirements for Vacuum Lifting Device users?

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How does your company monitor the training requirements for Vacuum Lifting Devices?

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How have users been trained in the requirements for Vacuum Lifting Devices?

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Training records should be kept to show users were trained in the requirements for Vacuum Lifting Devices

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Manufacturer's specifications for the Vacuum Lifting Devices must be available to users

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Where are your manufacturer's specifications for the Vacuum Lifting Devices kept?

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How do you ensure users are familiar with the manufacturer's specifications?

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Have employers identified hazards associated with the use of Vacuum Lifting Devices?

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Have users identified the hazards associated with the use of Vacuum Lifting Devices?

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Inspection Requirements

There are 4 types of inspection that are required to be carried out on Vacuum Lifting Devices, these are Initial, Every Lift, Frequent and Periodic

All new and reinstalled Vacuum Lifting Devices shall be inspected by a designated person prior to initial use

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All altered or repaired Vacuum Lifting Devices shall be inspected by a designated person

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How often are every lift inspections completed?

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What must be checked on an every lift inspection?

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How often are frequent inspections completed?

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What must be checked on a frequent inspection?

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How often are periodic inspections completed?

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What must be checked on a periodic inspection?

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All Vacuum Lifting Devices must have a documented periodic inspection completed by a designated person

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How does your company identify a Vacuum Lifting Device has had a periodic inspection?

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Removal Criteria

A Vacuum Lifting device must be removed from service if any of the following criteria deems that the Vacuum Lifting Device is not fit for use.

Damaged or inoperable controls

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Condition of vacuum pads

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Meters, indicators or pumps for proper operation and condition.

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Structural members for deformation, cracks, and excessive wear.

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Output of the vacuum generator

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Vacuum pad seal rings that have cuts, tears, excessive wear, or presence of foreign particles.

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Vacuum lines and connectors with leakage, cuts, kinks, or collapsed areas. 

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Vacuum reservoirs with leaks or visual damage.

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Decrease in vacuum level by more than the manufacturers specified rate 

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Missing or illegible operating control markings

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External evidence of looseness, wear, deformation, cracking, or corrosion.

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Extermal evidence of damage to supporting structure, motors, controls, or other auxiliary components.

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Missing or illegible product safety labels

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Selection, Limitations and Use

All Vacuum Lifting Device users must be aware that their capacity may change depending on things such as type and size of material lifted, the sling angle, angle of lift and the environment it is used in.

Vacuum Lifting Devices shall only be operated by trained, designated persons, which includes, designated persons, trainees under the supervision of designated persons, maintenance and test personnel, and inspectors.

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Rated loads cannot be exceeded

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The Vacuum Lifting Device must be applied to the load in accordance with the instruction manual

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Lifting ropes or chains must not be kinked or twisted

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The load must be correctly distributed

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The temperature of the load should not exceed the maximum allowable

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Vacuum Lifing Device swinging should be kept to a minimum.

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There should be no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the load

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The Vacuum Lifting Device or its load must not come into contact with any obstructions

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Avoid passing the load over people

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Do not use the Vacuum Lifting Device to side pull or slide a load

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If power is lost, workers in the vicinity must be warned, and the load landed if possible 

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Vacuum lines must be free from kinks and twists, and nopt be looped or wrapped around or over moving parts

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Pad contact surfaces must be clean and free of loose particles.

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Before lifting the vacuum must be at the required level

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Loads should be raised a few inches to establish correct application and stable vacuum levels exist for the Vacuum Lifting Device.

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Vacuum Lifting Devices must be correctly stored when not in use

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Suspended loads must not be left unattended

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The operator shall not ride, or allow others to ride the load or lifting device

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Loads must be guided to avoid endangering hands or body parts as the load is lowered, or if it drops. 

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Vacuum Lifting Devices shall not be used if tagged "Out of Service" or designated as nonfunctioning

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"Out of Service" tags shall not be removed without approval of the person placing them or a designated person.

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Missing or illegible markings or tags shall be replaced

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Maintenance

A maintenance program must be established and be based on recommendations made by the Vacuum Lifting Device manufacturer, a qualified person may also include additional recommendations based on their review of the Vacuum Lifting Device application and operation.

Before adjustments and repairs are started all sources of power must be disconnected, locked out, and tagged "Out of Service" 

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Only Qualified persons shall perform adjustments and tests

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All moving parts that require lubrication as per the manufacturer should be lubricated at a frequency and level required 

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Replacement parts must be at least equal to the original manufacturer's specifications

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After adjustments and repairs the Vacuum Lifting Device must not be returned to service until it has been inspected

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Dated records of repairs and replacements should be made

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Any hazardous condition disclosed during inspection must be corrected before normal operation of the Vacuum Lifting Device is resumed

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Misconceptions

Misconception 1. If you have attended a training course you are a competent rigger.

Training is only one part of being competent to carry out your job, you must also be adequately qualified and have sufficient experience.

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