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Product Resource Information

Scope

THE ALBERTA OH&S ACT, REGULATION AND CODE 2018, THE ASME B30.26-2015 STANDARD AND MANUFACTURERS OF SWIVELS ALL STATE THAT USERS OF SWIVELS MUST BE TRAINED IN THE SELECTION, INSPECTION, CAUTIONS TO PERSONNEL, EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTS AND RIGGING PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH THE SWIVELS. FAILURES DUE TO MISSUSE HAVE RESULTED IN SERIOUS INJURIES AND DEATH. THIS SECTION WILL PROVIDE YOU INFORMATION ON THE SAFE USE OF SWIVELS.

Employer, Worker, User, Supervisor and Supplier Responsibilities

Users must be trained in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Swivels.

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Can you prove users are competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Swivels?

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If a user is not competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Swivels they must have direct supervision from a competent worker

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If not competent in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Swivels do users have direct supervision?

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Do you have documented policies and procedures in the selection, inspection, cautions to personnel, effects of environments, and rigging practices associated with Swivels?

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An employer must identify responsibilities for the user of Swivels

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The use of Swivels can create hazardous situations

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Have Supervisors taken all precautions to protect the health and safety of every worker under the Supervisors supervision.

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Have Suppliers ensured the equipment supplied is in a safe operating condition, and that it complies with this Act, regulation and the OHS Code  

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Legislation, Standards and Specifications

Alberta Occupational Health and Safety Act, Regulation and Code 2018

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American Society of Mechanical Engineers B30.26-2015, Chapter 26-4 Links, Master Link Subassemblies, Rings, and Swivels

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Manufacturer's specifications for the type and style of Swivel.

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Manufacturer's referenced standards

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Design Factors

What are the manufacturer's design factors for the Swivels you are using?

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Markings

Each swivel shall be marked to show the name or trademark of the manufacturer

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Each swivel shall be marked to show its size or rated load

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Each swivel shall be marked to show its grade, if required to identify its rated load

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Training

It is important that all Swivel users be knowledgeable about the safe and proper use, application of Swivels, be thoroughly familiar with the manufacturer's recommendations, and safety material provided with each product. In addition all Swivel users need to be aware of their responsibilities outlined in all applicable standards, regulations and policies

What are the training requirements for Swivel users?

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How does your company monitor the training requirements for Swivels?

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How have users been trained in the requirements for Swivels?

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Training records should be kept to show users were trained in the requirements of Swivels.

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Manufacturer's specifications for the Swivels must be available to users

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Where are your manufacturer's specifications for the Swivels kept?

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How do you ensure users are familiar with the manufacturer's specifications?

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Have employers identified hazards associated with the use of Swivels?

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Have users identified the hazards associated with the use of Swivels?

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Inspection Requirements

There are 3 types of inspection that are required to be carried out on Swivels, these are Initial, Frequent and Periodic

All new Swivels shall have an initial inspection completed by a designated person

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Prior to and during use all Swivels shall have a frequent inspection completed by a designated person

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How often are frequent inspections completed

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What must be checked on a frequent inspection

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All Swivels must have a periodic inspection completed by a designated person

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How often are periodic inspections completed?

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What must be checked on a periodic inspection?

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How does your company identify a Swivel has had a periodic inspection?

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Removal Criteria

A Swivel must be removed from service if any of the following criteria deems that the Swivel is not fit for use.

Swivel identification missing

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Swivel identification illegable

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Evidence of heat damage

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How much heat damage is allowed

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Weld spatter or arc strikes

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How much weld spatter is allowed

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Pitting or corrosion

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How much pitting or corrosion is allowed

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Bent, twisted, distorted, stretched, elongated, cracked, or broken components.

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Nicks or gouges

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Reduction of the original catalog dimensions

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How much reduction is allowed

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Unauthorized welding or modification

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Lack of ability to freely rotate when not loaded

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Loose or missing nuts, bolts, cotter pins, snap rings, or other fasteners and retaining devices

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Other conditions, including visible damage, that cause doubt as to continued use

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Selection, Limitations and Use

All Swivel users must be aware that their Swivel capacity may change depending on the sling angle, angle of loading, and environment it is used in.

Swivels having suitable characteristics for the type of load, hitch, angle of loading, and environment shall be selected in accordance with the recommendations of the hardware manufacturer or a qualified person.

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The rated load of swivels shall not be exceeded.

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Swivels that appear to be damaged shall not be used until inspected and accepted as usable 

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All portions of the human body shall be kept from between the load and any other rigging during lifting or load handling activities.

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Personnel should stand clear of the suspended load.

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Personnel shall not ride rigging hardware.

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Personnel should stand clear of rigging when it is under tension.

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Swivels are positioning hardware and are not intended to be rotated under load

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Swivels shall only be used for in-line loads

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Components shall be maintained in good working condition.

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Shock loading should be avoided.

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Swivels shall be of the proper shape and size to ensure that they seat properly in the hook, lifting device, or rigging hardware

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Contact with obstructions that could damage the swivel should be avoided.

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Maintenance

Are Swivels stored correctly when not in use

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Are Swivels subjected to mechanical damage?

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Are Swivels subjected to corrosive actions?

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Are Swivels subjected to extreme heat?

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Misconceptions

Misconception 1. If you have attended a training course you are a competent rigger.

Training is only one part of being competent to carry out your job, you must also be adequately qualified and have sufficient experience.

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